What is the IB Middle Years Programme (MYP)?
The MYP is designed for students aged 11 to 16. It provides a framework of learning that encourages
students to become creative, critical and reflective thinkers. The MYP emphasizes intellectual challenge,
encouraging students to make connections between their studies in traditional subjects and the real
world. It fosters the development of skills for communication, intercultural understanding and global
engagement—essential qualities for young people who are becoming global leaders.
The MYP is flexible enough to accommodate most national or local curriculum requirements. It builds
upon the knowledge, skills and attitudes developed in the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP) and
prepares students to meet the academic challenges of the IB Diploma Programme (DP) and the IB
Career-related Programme (CP).
The IB Middle Years Programme:
addresses holistically students’ intellectual, social, emotional and physical well-being
provides students opportunities to develop the knowledge, attitudes and skills they need in
order to manage complexity and take responsible action for the future
ensures breadth and depth of understanding through study in eight subject groups
requires the study of at least two languages (language of instruction and additional language of
choice) to support students in understanding their own cultures and those of others
empowers students to participate in service within the community
helps to prepare students for further education, the workplace and a lifetime of learning
The MYP consists of eight subject groups: language acquisition, language and literature, individuals and
societies, sciences, mathematics, arts, physical and health education, and design. Student study is
supported by a minimum of 50 hours of instruction per subject group in each academic year. In years 4
and 5, students have the option to take courses from six of the eight subject groups, which provides
The MYP: a unique approach, relevant for a global society
The MYP aims to help students develop their personal understanding, their emerging sense of self and
responsibility in their community.
MYP teachers organize the curriculum with appropriate attention to:
Teaching and learning in context. Students learn best when their learning experiences have
context and are connected to their lives and the world that they have experienced. Using global
contexts, MYP students explore human identity, global challenges and what it means to be
Conceptual understanding. Concepts are big ideas that have relevance within specific disciplines
and across subject areas. MYP students use concepts as a vehicle to inquire into issues and ideas
of personal, local and global significance and examine knowledge holistically.
Approaches to learning (ATL). A unifying thread throughout all MYP subject groups, approaches
to learning provide the foundation for independent learning and encourage the application of
their knowledge and skills in unfamiliar contexts. Developing and applying these skills help
students learn how to learn.
Service as action (community service). Action (learning by doing and experiencing) and service
have always been shared values of the IB community. Students take action when they apply
what they are learning in the classroom and beyond. IB learners strive to be caring members of
the community who demonstrate a commitment to service—making a positive difference to the
lives of others and to the environment. Service as action is an integral part of the programme,
especially in the MYP community project.
Language and identity – MYP students are required to learn at least two languages. Learning to
communicate in a variety of ways is fundamental to their development of intercultural
understanding and crucial to their identity affirmation.